Unlocking New Technology Streams for Green Metals

Trusted relationships with our customers have yielded a true understanding of their materiality needs. In response to this, we have developed our technology landscapes. For Ferrovanadium, this consists of seven core research narratives that align with a comprehensive database of recent journals and address tangible market demands.

Technology Network

Example: Ferrovanadium Research Landscape

Commercial Partners

At Vantage Alloys, our robust and long-standing network encompasses trusted commercial partners such as premier shipping companies and cutting-edge logistics providers, ensuring seamless trade and distribution of this vital element. As a key driver in the advancement of green technologies, our collaborative ecosystem enables efficient, secure, and reliable access to high-quality Ferrovanadium.

Academic Partners

At Vantage Alloys, we proudly collaborate with esteemed academic partners, including renowned steel research institutes, as an integral part of our long-standing technology network. This strategic alliance enables us to unlock groundbreaking material technologies for Vanadium, fueling the development of eco-friendly solutions and propelling the evolution of green technologies for a sustainable future.

Industrial Partners

At Vantage Alloys, our extensive client network features prominent industrial partners, including leading steelmakers, who collaborate to reinforce our unique „Market to Microstructure“ approach. This strategic synergy ensures that our research is not only tangible but also highly transferable to industry, bridging the gap between steel innovations and practical, real-world applications.

Example: 7 Core Research Narratives

Breaking down a comprehensive database of vanadium-related journals into research narratives offers numerous benefits, as it transforms complex information into digestible, coherent stories that capture the essence of key findings. By presenting these seven core narratives as part of our research landscape, we create an engaging and accessible platform for clients and industrial partners to grasp the latest advancements in vanadium technology. This approach fosters informed decision-making, stimulates collaboration, and accelerates the integration of innovative solutions into industry applications, ultimately driving progress in the realm of sustainable technologies.

Narrative A-D: The uniqueness of vanadium derives from its atomic volume within face-centred cubic (fcc) and body-centred cubic  (bcc) crystals; larger in fcc and smaller in bcc when compared to other microalloying alloying elements, which creates large coherency strain fields and allows for larger „production feasible“ precipitate sizes, ensuring coherency is maintained via industrial processes. These misfit-induced strain fields from coherent nano-precipitates can lead to novel lean-alloyed nano-structured steels with a range of fascinating characteristics:

  • Improved combinations of strength and formability in 3rd Gen AHSS without any ductility loss.
  • Improved fire-resistance in lean-alloyed ferritic steels combined with modulus strengthening, which is achieved via coherency and misfit induced lattice-parameter changes within crystalline multi-phase systems.
  • The prominence of coherent sub-stoichiometric V-precipitates in deep-trapping hydrogen.
  • The coherency-induced strains influence the symmetry of nanodomains, which can be easily altered by small external stress or magnetic fields. This could pave a way towards novel electrical steels and new functional materials.
  • The ability of coherency-induced lattice strain in bolstering fatigue performance during heat treatments such as nitriding.

Narrative E: The ability of vanadium precipitates, by function of their low lattice misfit, to act as nucleation points for intragranular Acicular Ferrite is well established for improving strength and ductility in long products, heavy plates, hot-rolled strip and weldments. However, the precise mechanisms are currently poorly understood and merit further studies to transfer this learning to Industry. 

Narrative F: This narrative is dedicated to specific high-performance alloys which often have larger amounts of Vanadium. For example, vanadium alloys are the only low activation structural materials (for fusion reactors) that is both non-ferromagnetic and ductile. Thus, they are promising for advanced fusion reactor structural material applications.

Narrative G: Recent studies have demonstrated a significant acceleration in the bainitic transformation time of various vanadium-alloyed carbide-free bainitic steels. Vanadium within nanostructured bainite also acts to refine the morphology of the retained austenite (RA) and delay the decomposition of RA during isothermal holding, which is congruent with developing highly wear resistant steels which can also resist impact wear and rolling contact fatigue. We are currently exploring industrial processes that can ensure such steels are economical to produce within established production flows. 

Unlocking New Possibilities

Featured R&D and Consulting Projects

Fatigue Performance of Sustainable Forgings


Approach: Industrial Clients & The Steel Institute at RWTH Aachen

Objective: To develop an energy-efficient air-cooled through-hardening alloy concept that could facilitate a more sustainable and higher-performance forging steel. This could enable larger endurance limits for forged components in electric vehicles and turbine rotor-shafts. 

Outcome: This project was able to demonstrate how Vanadium can enhance the through-thickness strength and served to preserve this strength for any subsequent surface treatments (such as nitriding). Vanadium also interacts with the fracture mechanism, which will be investigated in subsequent studies.


Reducing Lifecycle Costs for Infrastructure


Approach: Industrial Partners, ASPPRC, Colorado School of Mines & University of Perugia

Objective: To develop a weldable and highly fatigue resistant structural steel alloy concept which could improve the fatigue performance of welded joints in bridges and wind energy superstructures. 

Outcome: The addition of Vanadium facilitates the formation of intragranular acicular ferrite, which is congruent with fatigue enhancements in weldments. However, the mechanisms are poorly understood and merit further studies.

Publications 1, 2, 3

Decarbonizing Transmission Infrastructure

VANALYTICA™ Consulting Projects 

Approach: Industrial Clients, Deep Learning, Data Analytics and Metallurgical Know-how

Objective: To develop a cost-efficient Vanadium-alloyed ultra-high strength pearlitic wire that could decarbonize transmission infrastructure through enabling larger spans between transmission pylons and reducing wire sag.

Outcome: Reduced a US-based client’s direct raw material costs by 28% (including carbon footprint) and improved their product strength by 20%. This subsequently increased their serviceable customer base and enabled further downstream decarbonization savings. 


The Importance of Lifecycle & Systems Thinking in Technology Development

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